- Urea : Product of protein metabolism. Strong antimicrobial agent.
- Uric Acid : Anti microbail activity helps to control cancer.
- Nitrogen : Diuretic, stimulates kidney
- Sulphur : Purifies blood, increases intestinal peristalsis
- Copper : Controls fat deposition
- Iron : Production of RBC in blood
- Sodium : Purifies blood, checks hyperacidity
- Potassium : Appetizer, eliminates muscles fatigue
- Other salts : Antibacterial, prevents comma and ketoacids
- Carbolic Acid : Antibacterial, prevents gas gangrenes
- Ammonia : Integrity of body tissue and blood
- Sugar-Lactose : Heart, thirst, giddiness
- Vitamin A,B.C,D, E : Prevent excessive thirst, infuse vigour, increase potency
- Creatinine : Antibacterial
- Swarna Kshar : Antibacterial, improves immunity (aurum hydroxide) acts as antidote
- Enzyme-urokinase : Dissolve blood clot, improves heart disease, blood circulation
- Colony stimulating factor : Effective for cell division and multiplication
- Erythropoietin stimulating factor : Production of RBCs
- Gonadotropin : Promotes menstrual cycle, sperm production
- Kallikrein : Releases Kallidin which expands peripheral veins and reduces blood pressure.
- Allantoin : Heals wounds and tumors
- Anticancer substances : Prevents multiplication of carcinogenic cells
- Phenols : Bactericidal, antifungal
- In our country with small holdings and small scale farming, there is no better alternative to employing cattle in farming.
- While ploughing, the oxen stride with gentle gait, not harming the surface of the earth, unlike tractors.
- Even as they plough the land, the oxen defecate and urinate, fertilising the land.
- Cattle Manure : organic manure, green leaf manure, earth-worms, and slurry manure with cattle manure bond with the nature and make the land fertile. They do not create the challenge of chemical waste.
- 99% of the insects in nature are beneficial to the system. Insecticides prepared from cow urine or well fermented butter milk do not affect these helpful insects.
- Dung from one cow is adequate to fertilise 5 acres of land and its urine is can protect 10 acres of crop from insects.
- As per the Supreme Court, cow dung produced by one oxen can support a family for 4 years.
- Oxen do not pollute the atmosphere.
Vetiver Systems for Rural livelihood and Prosperity
- The well grown plants yield lot of herbage in the form of leaves. This is very good material for mulching.
- The tender leaf is a wonderful grass. It can be used as a very good fodder for livestock. It enriches quantity and quality of milk.
- The grass blade is used for thatching roof at villages. Such friendly sheds and houses are very useful to prevent cement use in excess.
- The grass blade is a good source of raw material for handicrafts. It can also be used for making hand made paper. Thus it is good resource for rural employment generation.
- The root systems are very powerful to rejuvenate soil. It can improve soil fertility. It can also convert fallow lands in to fertile in course of time.
- Vetiver grass can be grown in contaminated water. It can definitely work as a natural water purifier. So heavy metals of water can be purified using Vetiver. This is good in case of industrial sewage water flows in to fertile land.
- Aromatic oil distilled from root is very expensive. It has good market potentials.
- Roots are considered as a very good medicine in Ayurveda. It is used in Human and livestock medicine. Hyperacidity, piles, Bleeding disorders, Skin diseases, any problem with urinary tract is cured by employing various medicines containing Vetiver root.
- Senegal farmers are finding very good yield, increased out put in many horticultural crops which are mixed with cultivation of Vetiver grass. Mr. Tony Cisse, a farmer says that the fruit trees are to be covered with this grass in the ground. This facilitates increased absorption of nutrients. It also helps for optimal water conservation.
- Vettiver can sustain any hostile climate or situation. It can be grown in rain shadowed area also in view of making land fertile. Even mine dump can facilitate the growth of this soil. Thus the mined soil can be converted as useful soil gradually. Water clogged area, seacoast can also be ideal. Even if fire destroys the areal part, roots can generate shoot system.
- Diluted Vetiver root oil is working as a very good pesticide. It can be employed to prevent many plant pathogens. It is also good termite repellent. Leaf concoction is also mild fungicidal. Roots can also be used to prevent microorganisms. It can be used in the form of fumigation.
- Leaf of this grass is very good raw material for vermi compost.
Sixth Sense of Cow
Cow has a sharp sixth sense. As per an epic story, the cow could once talk. It predicted an impending accident to its master and helped him avoid it. The God then made the cow dumb for changing what was destined.
Cows respond to the joy and suffering of people. There are many examples of cows shedding tears and even refusing food empathising with their masters.
Sensing Danger :
- Lathur in Maharashtra had a devastating earthquake on 30 September 1993. Devani breed of cows in that place had been behaving strange, crying and jumping around a few days before this as a warning to the people. We could not decipher the message.
- Similar things happened before Tsunami in 2004 too. Then, Baraguru, Amblacheri and Kangayam breed of cows behaved strangely. We could not get the message again.
Overall Characteristics :
- The Indian cow belongs to Bass Indicus variety.
- High shoulder, flappy under-neck, and Suryaketu nerve on the back are easy differentiators of the variety.
- It is believed that Suryaketu nerve absorbs medicinal essences from atmosphere and makes milk, urine and cow dung more nourishing.
- High shoulder, flappy hanging dewlaps under-neck, and long ears increase the area of skin that sweats and keeps the body cooler. This is apt for our climate.
- Sweat glands are wider and the sweat is aromatic, protecting from monsoon-insects.
- The cow drives away insects by swift muscle movements
- With small hair, skin remains clean.
- With all these uniqueness, an Indian ox can work with comfort in rain and shine.
- Long enough to touch ground.
- Tail joint is unique and allows swirling around till the neck.
- It also swats flies and insects.
- Joined, does not gather twigs and dirt.
- Indian ox has smaller and strong hoof. This is suited for ploughing and pulling cart.
- Some of the Indian varieties can work without horse-shoes.
- Unlike tractor, the ox does not harden the top soil and kill the helpful insects.
- Different actions and features of the body are controlled by chromosomes.
- As a cow would always have adequate quantity of chromosome, there is no infertility for generations.
- Basal metabolic rate(BMR) is the amount of energy expended while at rest in a neutrally temperate environment.
- Indian cow has a lower BMR. In draught it can survive with small quantity of food. Though it becomes weaker then, it recovers fast when it gets nourishment.
- Such temporary difficulties do not later affect its milk yield or fertility.
- Cows are born with immunity to diseases. There is no difference between the ones grazing in the fields or kept in the sheds.
- This reduces the expenditure on their medical care.
- For this reason, America and Europe import Indian cows, cross breed with local variety to improve their immunity.
- Indian ox has strong muscles and long legs. They work for long hours in difficult conditions.
- High shoulder holds the plough well.
- Cows can be housed in very ordinary shed and even under a tree.
- Some Indian varieties require very little food.
- In villages they generally roam around fields and forests through the day.
- Some Indian breed cows give up to 20 litres of milk per day.
- Main varieties of Indian milch cows are Gir, Sahival, Tharparker, Rati and Sindhi.
- We can improve other breeds by better care and nourishment.
- Constitutes cow urine, cow dung, milk, curd and ghee.
- Used as food, medicine, manure and insecticide.
- They increase immunity to diseases.
- Without side effects, they fight cancer, hypertension, skin diseases, and urinary diseases.
For those of us who grew up in villages, mention of cow brings nostalgia. Our dawn was through the cowshed beside the house. Milking cows was a loving early morning ritual for the mothers. Mother would move to the shed with a shining pot, lovingly stroke the cow on its back, calling it with its favourite name. The milk that the cow spared for the household nourished the whole family, especially the children, even like it nurtured its own calf.
The cow is a moving temple, being abode of thirty three crore Gods of the Hindu pantheon. She has given sacred Panchagavya with immense medicinal value and is a moving hospital.
Cow is the mother of the universe (Gavo Vishwasya Matharaha). She helps in agriculture, transportation, food, medicine, industry, sports, religious functions, emotional stability, economy, etc. From time immemorial, cow has a special place in Indian society.
Apart from responding to our daily needs, cows have fought for us in battlefields!
Recorded Battles :
- When Hyder Ali was ruling the Mysore State, the Nizam of Hyderabad attacked Chitradurga Fort. Hyder Ali had a fleet of Amrit Mahal oxen in his army! He tied burning torches to the horns of 237 of these oxen and let them attack Nizam’s army, resulting in the defeat of 3,000 strong attacking army.
- Captain Javinson had Amrit Mahal oxen in his brigade in Afghanistan. As recorded by him, when his troop travelled in narrow valleys of Teri hills in 1842, the oxen were cheerful even after pulling the carts for 16 continuous hours.
- Commanding Officer Lord Wellesley credits the Amrit Mahal oxen for his victory over Napoleon in Pensular War.
- Amrit Mahal oxen were part of the troop deployed in Mesopotamia in First Word War (1914 – 1918). They surprised the people by walking faster than camels, crossing narrow valleys and bridges with tact, adapting to adverse weather conditions and fighting with even reduced feed.
Abode All Gods
Every atom in cow’s body is abode of the 33 crore Gods. All the 14 mythical worlds exist in the limbs of cow.
- Brahma and Vishnu on the root of two horns
- All the sacred reservoirs and Vedavyasa on the tips of the horns
- Lord Shankara on the centre head
- Parvathi on the edge of head
- Kartikeya on the nose, Kambala and Ashwatara Devas on the nostrils
- Ashwini Kumaras on the ears
- Sun and Moon in the eyes
- Vayu in dental range and Varuna on the tongue
- Saraswathi in the sound of cow
- Sandhya goddesses on the lips and Indra on the neck
- Raksha Ganas on the hanging under the neck
- Sadhya Devas in the heart
- Dharma on the thigh
- Gandharvas in the gap of hoofs, Pannaga at the tips, Apsaras on the sides
- Eleven Rudras and Yama on the back, Ashtavasus in the crevices
- Pitru Devas on the ides of umbilical joint, 12 Adityas on the stomach area
- Soma on the tail, Sun rays on the hair, Ganga in its urine, Lakshmi and Yamuna in the dung, Saraswathi in milk, Narmada in curd, and Agni in ghee
- 33 crore Gods in the hair
- Prithwi in stomach, oceans in the udder, Kamadhenu in the whole body
- Three Gunas in the root of the brows, Rishis in the pores of hair, and all the sacred lakes in the breathe.
- Chandika on the lips and Prajapathi Brahma on the skin
- Fragrant flowers on nostrils
- Sadhya Devas on the arm-pit
- Six parts of Vedas on the face, four Vedas on the feet, Yama on the top of the hoofs, Kubera and Garuda on the right, Yakshas on the left and Gandharvas inside
- Khecharas in the fore of the foot, Narayana in intestine, mountains in the bones, Artha, Dharma, Kama and Moksha in the feet.
- Four Vedas in the Hoom… sound